Wednesday, August 31, 2011

Feministing: Domestic violence - still not chic, artistic or cutting edge

Domestic violence: still not chic, artistic or cutting edge
by Lori
Feministing



To Read Responses/Critiques to the Ad

Films We Would Like to See: #5 The Skin I Live In (Spain: Pedro Almodovar, 2011)

ENG 102: Fall 2011 Student Websites

I recommend you check out:

Everything is Gravy to see the possibilities for your website (design) and some good responses.

11am class:

Class Voting for Subject: Drugs

Michael Keene

Maggie Cohen

Amy Cook

Kylie Marshall-Bonn

Andrew Goins

Morgan Webb

Amy Edgell

Steven Burt

Phil Flaga

Garrett Nutgrass

Arlene Johnson (link to the website is not working)

Anthoney Murray (put in grades: credit 2-4; no credit 5 and proposal)

Octavious Robinson (credit #4 and #5; incomplete #3; no credit response 2 and proposal)

Clay McDowell (no credit for responses #2, #3, #4, #5, and proposal)

sifting

Lauren Carnagie

Mon'Trace Pennington

Cameron Horseman

Kara Hutchinson

Alex Etienne

Josh Barkley

DA Wiglesworth

Keara Evans

2 PM Class:

Class Voting for Subject: Music

Krista Hurst

Sarah Phillips

Randy White

Dimitri Agtarap

Alex Nelson

Kristen Bowlds

Bailey Egan

Alan Wood

Allison Coleman

Mason Kirk (absent)

Adrian Collier

Chelsea Boston

Alec Goodhart

Dylan Jenkins

Chris Snider

Ramon Edmonds

Lindsey Petersen

Justin Peavler

Chris McKinney

Monica Sizemore

Amy Thornberry

Brad Cundiff

Class 3:30 PM

Class Voting for Subject: Religion/Faith/Spirituality

Philip Sharkey

Paige Fuller (three books on sexuality: Sexuality and Socialism; History of Sexuality; Sexual Communities)

James McCollum

Katie Beard

Angela White

Judston Hill

Chelsea Burrus

Sara Sanders

Cody Courtney

Anthony Rhodes

Reesor Reesor

Trey Becknell

Suanne Bartley

Ashley Simpson (Absent)

Amanda Rogers

Jonathan Livers

Marshonda Haynes

Jonathan Maupin

Ashtin Strelke

Kristy Watkins

Michael Hillard

Deena Stryker: Iceland's On-Going Revolution

Iceland's On-going Revolution
by Deena Stryker
Daily Kos

An Italian radio program's story about Iceland’s on-going revolution is a stunning example of how little our media tells us about the rest of the world. Americans may remember that at the start of the 2008 financial crisis, Iceland literally went bankrupt. The reasons were mentioned only in passing, and since then, this little-known member of the European Union fell back into oblivion.

As one European country after another fails or risks failing, imperiling the Euro, with repercussions for the entire world, the last thing the powers that be want is for Iceland to become an example. Here's why:

Five years of a pure neo-liberal regime had made Iceland, (population 320 thousand, no army), one of the richest countries in the world. In 2003 all the country’s banks were privatized, and in an effort to attract foreign investors, they offered on-line banking whose minimal costs allowed them to offer relatively high rates of return. The accounts, called IceSave, attracted many English and Dutch small investors. But as investments grew, so did the banks’ foreign debt. In 2003 Iceland’s debt was equal to 200 times its GNP, but in 2007, it was 900 percent. The 2008 world financial crisis was the coup de grace. The three main Icelandic banks, Landbanki, Kapthing and Glitnir, went belly up and were nationalized, while the Kroner lost 85% of its value with respect to the Euro. At the end of the year Iceland declared bankruptcy.

Contrary to what could be expected, the crisis resulted in Icelanders recovering their sovereign rights, through a process of direct participatory democracy that eventually led to a new Constitution. But only after much pain.

Geir Haarde, the Prime Minister of a Social Democratic coalition government, negotiated a two million one hundred thousand dollar loan, to which the Nordic countries added another two and a half million. But the foreign financial community pressured Iceland to impose drastic measures. The FMI and the European Union wanted to take over its debt, claiming this was the only way for the country to pay back Holland and Great Britain, who had promised to reimburse their citizens.

Protests and riots continued, eventually forcing the government to resign. Elections were brought forward to April 2009, resulting in a left-wing coalition which condemned the neoliberal economic system, but immediately gave in to its demands that Iceland pay off a total of three and a half million Euros. This required each Icelandic citizen to pay 100 Euros a month (or about $130) for fifteen years, at 5.5% interest, to pay off a debt incurred by private parties vis a vis other private parties. It was the straw that broke the reindeer’s back.

To Read the Rest of the Commentary

Fresh Air: Rachel Tabachnick - The Evangelicals Engaged In Spiritual Warfare

The Evangelicals Engaged In Spiritual Warfare
Fresh Air (WHYY: Philadelphia Public Radio)

An emerging Christian movement that seeks to take dominion over politics, business and culture in preparation for the end times and the return of Jesus, is becoming more of a presence in American politics. The leaders are considered apostles and prophets, gifted by God for this role.

The international "apostolic and prophetic" movement has been dubbed by its leading American architect, C. Peter Wagner, as the New Apostolic Reformation (NAR). Although the movement is larger than the network organized by Wagner — and not all members describe themselves as part of Wagner's NAR — the so-called apostles and prophets of the movement have identifiable ideology that separates them

Two ministries in the movement planned and orchestrated Texas Gov. Rick Perry's recent prayer rally, where apostles and prophets from around the nation spoke or appeared onstage. The event was patterned after The Call, held at locations around the globe and led by Lou Engle, who has served in the Apostolic Council of Prophetic Elders of the NAR. Other NAR apostles endorsed Perry's event, including two who lead a 50-state "prayer warrior" network. Thomas Muthee, the Kenyan pastor who anointed Sarah Palin at the Wasilla Assembly of God Church in 2005, while praying for Jesus to protect her from the spirit of witchcraft, is also part of this movement.

On Wednesday's Fresh Air, Rachel Tabachnick, who researches the political impact of the religious right, joins Terry Gross for a discussion about the growing movement and its influence and connections in the political world.

Tabachnick says the movement currently works with a variety of politicians and has a presence in all 50 states. It also has very strong opinions about the direction it wants the country to take. For the past several years, she says, the NAR has run a campaign to reclaim what it calls the "seven mountains of culture" from demonic influence. The "mountains" are arts and entertainment; business; family; government; media; religion; and education.

"They teach quite literally that these 'mountains' have fallen under the control of demonic influences in society," says Tabachnick. "And therefore, they must reclaim them for God in order to bring about the kingdom of God on Earth. ... The apostles teach what's called 'strategic level spiritual warfare' [because they believe that the] reason why there is sin and corruption and poverty on the Earth is because the Earth is controlled by a hierarchy of demons under the authority of Satan. So they teach not just evangelizing souls one by one, as we're accustomed to hearing about. They teach that they will go into a geographic region or a people group and conduct spiritual-warfare activities in order to remove the demons from the entire population. This is what they're doing that's quite fundamentally different than other evangelical groups."

To Read the Rest or Listen to the Episode

To the Best of Our Knowledge: Science and the Search for Meaning, Part Five -- Can Science be Sacred?

Science and the Search for Meaning, Part Five: Can Science be Sacred?
To the Best of Our Knowledge (Wisconsin Public Radio)

What if you don't believe in God, and the thought of church makes you queasy? Can you still experience the sacred? There's a growing movement of secular scientists who revel in the awe and wonder of nature. In fact, many consider this a religious experience – without God. We'll talk about the search for a science-based spirituality, and hear from a leading animist philosopher, in this hour of To the Best of Our Knowledge.

Steve Paulson on The Awe and Wonder Crowd
A growing number of secular scientists and philosophers are rejecting the term "atheist" in favor of a definition that acknowledges the wonder and mystery of the world around us.

Diana Beresford-Kroeger on the Power of Trees
Diana Beresford-Kroeger tells Anne Strainchamps that the lives of trees and human beings are inter-related all the way down to the molecular level.

Arthur Zajonc on The Contemplative Life
Arthur Zajonc tells Jim Fleming that Einstein's idea of god is common to many top scientists.

Birute Galdikas on Orangutans
We hear from orangutan researcher Birute Galdikas who talks about her experience in Borneo observing the lives orangutans and about the deep connections she shared with them.

David Abram on Becoming Animal
David Abrams tells Steve Paulson about his animistic beliefs and recounts a remarkable story about a shaman who could turn himself into a raven.

To Listen to the Episode

To the Best of Our Knowledge: The Soundtrack to War and Peace

The Soundtrack to War and Peace
To The Best of Our Knowledge (Wisconsin Public Radio)

"Music can change the world." It's been said so many times - I wonder if it means anything anymore. Can it? Really, can music change the world? Can a song bring about peace? Or, overthrow a government? In this hour of To the Best of Our Knowledge, we'll listen in on the soundtrack to war and peace. From Benin to Andalusia. From East LA to Sierra Leona. And, the politics behind Beethoven's 9th.

Black Nature on the Sierra Leone Refugee All-Stars
A young man named Black Nature is one of the Sierra Leone Refugee All-Stars. He tells how the group formed while fleeing from the brutality and bloodshed of their country's civil war.

Dwight Reynolds on Religious Tolerance
Dwight Reynolds talks with Steve Paulson about the history of religious tolerance in Al-Andalus and how it was reflected in the music of Moorish Spain.

Angelique Kidjo on Benin
Angelique Kidjo is "Africa's Diva" and its most celebrated female musician.

Beverly Lapp on "The Star Spangled Banner"
Essayist Beverly Lapp explains what "The Star Spangled Banner" means to her as a Mennonite.

Harvey Sachs on "The Ninth: Beethoven and the World in 1824"
Harvey Sachs and Jim Fleming talk about Beethoven's political leanings and philosophical aspirations and how they're reflected in his last symphony.

To Listen to this Episode

Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Mattias Stork: Chaos Cinema - The decline and fall of action filmmaking

Chaos Cinema Part 1 from Matthias Stork on Vimeo.


Chaos Cinema Part 2 from Matthias Stork on Vimeo.


Go to Press Play for source link and To Read it in Essay Form

More:

Matthew Cheney's Response/Critique

Hans-Georg Gadamer: The Importance of Listening

“Openness exists . . .not only for the person to whom one listens, but rather anyone who listens is fundamentally open. Without this kind of openness to one another there is no genuine human relationship. Belonging together always also means being able to listen to one another.”

--Hans-Georg Gadamer Truth and Method (Source)

Ian Christie: Before the Rain: Never-Ending Story

Before the Rain: Never-Ending Story
By Ian Christie
Current



Before the Rain brought a vision of “Balkan conflict” to the world that caused a sensation in the mid-1990s, winning the Golden Lion in Venice and an Academy Award nomination. Five years of increasingly horrific news from the former Yugoslavia, with fierce fighting and massacres in Croatia and Bosnia, made Milcho Manchevski’s searing yet lyrical film timely to a degree that few filmmakers have ever achieved. But this is far from a documentary treatment of Balkan violence, and the country that Manchevski put on the map—his native Macedonia—was in fact the only Balkan state at that time not to have been engulfed by war or ethnic conflict.

Manchevski had not set out to explain the devastating sequence of events that started in 1991, as federal Yugoslavia dissolved during the year that saw the Soviet Union itself fall apart. Having grown up in Skopje, he finished his film education in the United States, where he began to make a reputation in music videos during the eighties. And the arresting images and teasing dramatic structure of Before the Rain draw something from this experience. But if Manchevski belongs to the generation of filmmakers who have grown up with the pop poetry of music videos as part of their natural vocabulary, his other inspiration is surely the western—an impression confirmed by his equally ambitious second feature, Dust (2001).

Think of the westerns of Sam Peckinpah, elegiac tributes to a way of life being crushed by modernity. Or of Sergio Leone, whose films were once contemptuously known as “spaghetti westerns” but were actually baroque variations on the great American western tradition, and influenced postsixties filmmakers everywhere. Peckinpah and Leone dealt in myth rather than history, and weren’t afraid to use extreme violence for both artistic and realistic effect. The violence that rips through Before the Rain, on Macedonian hillsides and in a London restaurant, draws on such mentors for its impact. And when Manchevski insists that his film is not “about” Macedonia, or even just the Balkans, he’s surely aspiring to that same universality of late, great westerns such as Once Upon a Time in the West or The Wild Bunch. The figure that his hero, Aleksandar, cuts is already a romantic one in London but becomes very definitely a westerner back in Macedonia, as he returns to his old village, only to be immediately confronted by a gun-toting youngster.

To Read the Rest of the Essay

Maximum Rock N Roll Radio #1258

Maximum Rock N Roll Radio #1258

Intro song:
SLAUGHTER AND THE DOGS – Boston Babies

Sully kills it with his mustache and long hair
LOST KIDS – Radden Dig
UNNATURAL AXE – Brain Damage
NUBS – Job

Garret. Oi!
THE SCENE – High Numbers
THE OYSTERS – Headhunter
BUZZCOCKS – I Can’t Control Myself

Ian gets dusted
VICTIMS – TV Freak
PJ BONNEMAN – Jeg Kendte Dem Ikke

Peter, Adonis of Punk
CATHOLIC SPERMS – Sisters Are Worse
UNDEAD – Undead
OUT COLD – Help Me To Forget

Con, future ex-Husband, plays some shit
OUT COLD – Fuckhead
SATANS RATS – You Make Me Sick
SYMBOL SIX – Beverlywood
KNOTS – Action

Dominik gets internash on us
DISCOCKS – Gogo Discocks
COLERA – Subratos
SCREAMING URGE – Homework
VULPESS – Inkisizion

New Wave Dave, the voice of Boston
FRANKIE AND THE FLAMES – On Yer Bike
THE FIENDS – Asian White

Nick always looks pissed
VIVA LA RUE BAND – Bombs Away
SCIENTISTS – Frantic Romantic

Outro song:
TEENBEATS – Strength of the Nation

To Listen to the Episode

Stanley Aronowitz, Steve Williams and Rick Wolff: A Chronology of Capitalism

A Chronology of Capitalism
Making Contact (National Radio Project)

It’s a time of economic transition, and systems that may have seemed stable over the past few decades are proving to be far from it. But how did we get here? And how can we learn from the past, to build a more fair and just system in the future? While many politicians and pundits claim that no one saw the current economic collapse coming, in fact, we had plenty of warning, depending on who we listened to. This week, we hear from three people who’ve been sounding the alarm about capitalism’s house of cards for years, and in some cases, decades.

Featuring:

Steve Williams, POWER: People Organized to Win Employment Rights co-director and co-founder; Rick Wolff, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Economics Professor and author; Stanley Aronowitz, City University of NY Graduate Center Sociology & Urban Education Professor and author.

To Listen to the Episode

Andrew Klevan: Expressing the In-Between

Expressing the In-Between
by Andrew Klevan
LOLA

‘Cinema is that which is between things’
- Jean-Luc Godard (1)



Manny Farber says of the The Big Sleep (Howard Hawks, 1946, US): ‘[It] ignores all the conventions of the gangster film to feast on meaningless business and witty asides’. (2) One of the ‘fine moments’ in the film, he writes, is ‘no longer than a blink’: Philip Marlowe, played by Humphrey Bogart, looks up at a sign as he crosses the street from one store to another. In fact, Farber is probably mistaken. Marlowe does not appear to look up at a sign. Rather, he seems to be surveying the sky in response to loud claps of thunder. A few moments later, after more claps, the heavy rain nearly makes it possible for him to spend the afternoon sheltering in the Acme Bookstore with the sassy proprietor played by Dorothy Malone. Instead, disappointingly, work calls, and he must follow bad guy Geiger through the stormy night. Bogart’s gesture is therefore not strictly, in Farber’s terms, a piece of ‘meaningless business’ because it relates to the impending storm which is a feature of the narrative. Yet, the spirit of Farber’s point remains: the claps of thunder and Bogart’s gesture are incidental at this point. The thunder and rain could credibly begin while he is in the bookshop.

Farber’s mistake (written before the privilege of repeated scrutiny permitted by video recordings) does not undermine his deeper understanding of what the gesture adds. He talks about the film having ‘a life of its own that goes on beneath the story action ... All the unbelievable events ... are tied together by miserable time jumps, but, within each skit, there is a logic of space, a great idea of personality, gesture, where each person is’. (3) Moreover, there is another ‘unnecessary’ gesture, which Farber does not mention. It takes place on the other side of the street – and in the background of the shot – where Bogart slaps the top of a water hydrant. Crucially, he does not stop. He may be quickly taking stock, touching-base (for safety, superstitiously perhaps), while remaining on the move. In general, it suggests Marlowe’s fluency and ease in the city, and Bogart’s on the set. As he crosses the road, I sense the construction of the setting, all its elements intimately packed into the frame – the crossing cars, the comings and goings of people – creating oblivious busyness. Yet, the meticulousness of the staging does not determine the action; paradoxically it creates a living world, precisely brought to life (an ideal environment for all that ‘meaningless business’). This is partly because responsive performers like Bogart inhabit the world built for them; they live in it. (4) In Farber’s terms, both the gestures give us ‘a logic of space, a great idea of personality, where this person is’ – this street, here, now, between these two bookstores, looking up, just before it rains, crossing it, now, touching this hydrant, as he passes. (5)

The whole scene that follows, between Bogart and Malone, is like a ‘witty aside’ but given density by all ‘those tiny, mysterious interactions between the actor and the scene’. Bogart speedily delivers, ‘Would you have a Ben Hur eighteen sixty third edition with a duplicated line on page one sixteen?’; announces that he would rather get ‘wet inside’ with the ‘pretty good’ bottle of rye that he ‘just happens to have’ in his pocket; hovers his right hand over his waist, lightly drumming his digits; and later points two fingers towards his eyes to prompt Malone to remove her spectacles. Malone, meanwhile, unhurriedly folds her arms; nimbly manipulates the pencil, evidently sexual but in scholarly hands; precisely delivers her list of each aspect of Geiger’s appearance while she ambiguously moves her eyes up and down each aspect of Bogart’s; takes out those little white cups in the upper drawer of the desk; and removes the pin, carefully spreading her lower hair just enough for it to open up and sit more comfortably upon her shoulders (tightly bunched hair prudently unfurled rather than spectacularly released). All that is ‘mysterious’ lies in the performers’ interactions, made readily available to us, and not in a secretive dissolve that insinuates but ultimately hides very little. Malone remains just a ‘pal’ – her sexual disappointment represented in his comradely squeeze of her upper arm – and she never appears again in the film.

To Read the Rest of the Essay

The Black Angels: Bad Vibrations

Monday, August 29, 2011

STOCKTOWN X REE-BURTH

via Matsuli

STOCKTOWN X REE-BURTH from Stocktown on Vimeo.


Description: Exclusive clip from our series Stocktown X South Africa. We meet up with heavymetal band Ree-burth from Soweto South Africa.In this clip band singer Nathi tells us about their plan to start a rock festival in Soweto , The Rock Therapy show . During the recording of the interview, we asked the band to do a small jamsession for us and as they were setting up their instruments , Mr Funky Masike member of one of South Africas first black rock groups shows up unexpected and gives us an exklusive show.

John Bellamy Foster: Education and the Structural Crisis of Capital - The U.S. Case

Education and the Structural Crisis of Capital: The U.S. Case
by John Bellamy Foster
Monthly Review

...

The significance of such a broad political-economic approach to public education is that it allows us to perceive the underlying logic governing the development of capitalist schooling in the United States and elsewhere. Public education arose in the United States early in the nineteenth century. But the education system as we know it today only emerged, beginning in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Its modern development thus corresponds in time to the rise of monopoly capitalism, an economy dominated by giant corporations. It has been estimated that “between a quarter and a third” of all U.S. capital stock in manufacturing underwent consolidation through mergers and acquisitions between 1898 and 1902 alone. In the largest of these, the formation of U.S. steel in 1901, as many as 170 separate firms were brought together in a single year to create the first billion-dollar corporation, controlling 65 percent of the steel industry. This represented the great era of corporate concentration, marking the rise of big-business capitalism.11

A key element in the evolution and stabilization of this new stage of accumulation, lay in the opportunity it afforded for what Marx called “the real,” as opposed to the “formal subsumption of labour under capital.”12 In nineteenth-century capitalism, workers were in a position to retain within their own ranks the knowledge of how the work was done, and therefore exercised a considerable degree of control over the labor process. Hence, control of the labor process by owners and managers was often more formal than real. As corporations and their workforces and factories got bigger with the rise of monopoly capitalism, however, it became possible to extend the division of labor, and therefore to exercise greater top-down managerial control. This took the form of the new system of scientific management, or “Taylorism,” within concentrated industry. Control of the conception of the labor process was systematically removed from the workers and monopolized by management. Henceforth, according to this managerial logic, workers were merely to execute commands from above, with their every movement governed down to the smallest detail.13

The chief result of the introduction of scientific management into industry, as Harry Braverman explained in 1974 in Labor and Monopoly Capital, was the degradation of working conditions for most workers. Increasingly, monopoly capitalist society was characterized by a polarization of skill, with only a limited demand for a relatively small number of highly skilled workers, as compared with masses of unskilled workers. The corporate-designed education system was constructed with the aim of producing workers tracked to these different labor-market segments. But scientific management was also seen as a way of directing the labor process within the schools themselves—subjecting teachers to new forms of corporate management.

Scientific management first became a widely known concept in the United States after Louis Brandeis, arguing before the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1910, publicly extolled the magic of efficiency engineers in increasing corporate profits. This was followed in 1911 by the publication of Frederick Winslow Taylor’s Principles of Scientific Management, initially as installments in American Magazine. Scientific management and efficiency experts soon became the rage among corporate executives and public officials alike, quickly spreading to the administration of public schools, where standards, testing, and Taylorized schools became the defining principles for a new utopia: the corporate-model school system. Thus, efficiency expert Harrington Emerson gave a speech to the High School Teachers Association of New York City in 1911, which he entitled “Scientific Management and High School Efficiency.” The last seven of his twelve principles were: standard records, planning, standard conditions, standardized operations, standard instructions, standard schedules, and efficiency reward.14 In 1913 Franklin Bobbitt, a specialist in educational administration at the University of Chicago, wrote in The Supervision of City Schools:

The worker must be kept supplied with detailed instructions as to the work to be done, the standards to be reached, the methods to be employed, and the appliances to be used….Teachers cannot be permitted to follow caprice in method. When a method which is clearly superior to all other methods has been discovered, it alone can be employed. To neglect this function and to excuse one’s negligence by claiming the value of the freedom of the teacher was perhaps justifiable under our earlier empiricism, when the supervisors were merely promoted teachers and on the scientific side at least knew little more about standards and methods than the rank and file.

For Bobbitt, “the teacher’s freedom is necessarily narrowly limited,” due to the need for standardized, efficient methods. Bobbitt went on to suggest that students working on penmanship should be tested “by stop-watch as to speed…to determine which of the modes of distributing the sixty minutes of time for teaching the writing is superior.”15 Likewise, Ellwood Cubberley, an influential educational administrator, and superintendent of San Francisco’s public schools, wrote in 1916 in his Public School Administration: “Our schools are, in a sense, factories in which the raw products (children) are to be shaped and fashioned into products to meet the various demands of life.”16

For Joseph S. Taylor, district superintendent of schools in New York City, writing in 1912:

(1) The state as employer must cooperate with the teacher as employee, for the latter does not always understand the science of education; (2) the state provides experts who supervise the teacher, and suggest the processes that are most efficacious and economical; (3) the task system obtains in the school as well as in the shop, each grade being a measured quantity of work to be accomplished in a given term; (4) every teacher who accomplishes the task receives a bonus, not in money, but in the form of a rating which may have money value; (5) those who are unable to do the work are eliminated.17

The primary means by which the efficiency of teachers was to be evaluated under this system was through the testing of their students. Heavy emphasis was thus placed, beginning just prior to the First World War, on developing rigid standards accompanied by standardized tests. The National Education Association (NEA) established a Committee on Tests and Standards of Efficiency in Schools and School Systems in 1911. This coincided with the movement to carry out IQ testing, and various thinly disguised racist forms of assessment.18

This early attempt to create a corporate-dominated, standardized education system was seeded by the new philanthropic, tax-free foundations that arose in the period. Millionaire industrialists like Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, and Henry Ford established private foundations, designed to employ philanthropic financing to leverage major social changes, circumventing the role of government. The Carnegie Foundation was a leading force in both the eugenics and testing movements. It invested $6,424,000 in testing up through 1954. In 1965 it initiated the development of the testing program, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The Rockefeller Foundation, for its part, contributed heavily to the creation of the Educational Testing Service in the 1930s and ’40s.

To Read the Entire Essay

Smog: "Hit the Ground Running"

The Flaw (United Kingdom: David Singleton, 2011)

Pro Publica Podcast: T. Christian Miller on the ‘Invisible Wounds of War’

T. Christian Miller on the ‘Invisible Wounds of War’
Pro Publica Podcast

ProPublica’s T. Christian Miller joins the podcast this week to discuss his recent article on Iraq veteran Brock Savelkoul whose mild traumatic brain injury led him to attempt “suicide by cop.” Savelkoul along with four other soldiers in the blast have become a case study in a growing epidemic among America’s troops who experience a dangerous combination of concussions and post-traumatic stress disorder.

To Listen to the Episode

The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill (USA: Judy Irving, 2003)

Watched this in a few sections this weekend as I worked around the house and graded papers -- a fascinating documentary, I started off thinking wow this is a kind of kooky guy and by the end I was deeply moved by his efforts/life/journey/knowledge and also cared about this group of parrots. Highly recommended.

To the Best of Our Knowledge: David Foster Wallace

David Foster Wallace
To the Best of Our Knowledge (Wisconsin Public Radio)



When David Foster Wallace committed suicide in September of 2008, there was a tsunami of grief. Readers, fellow writers and critics poured out their grief in tributes and memories online and in print. The response might have caught you by surprise if you weren't paying attention all along. Wallace's hyper-intimate, cerebral writing style and his witty, sincere persona helped make him a spokesperson for his generation. In this hour of To the Best of Our Knowledge, the life and work of David Foster Wallace.

To Listen to the Episode

Sunday, August 28, 2011

Radio West: Mitchell Zuckoff - Lost in Shangri-La

Lost in Shangri-La
Radio West (University of Utah - Public Radio)



Doug talks to Mitchell Zuckoff, author of the book Lost in Shangri-La. In 1945, a site seeing plane of American soldiers crashed in a remote, mysterious valley in Dutch New Guinea. The local tribe was rumored to be head-hunters and had never before been in contact with white people. But the three survivors were caught between the valley and the Japanese enemy. Zuckoff joins us to tell the story of the time they spent with the Dani tribesmen and the daring rescue that brought them home.

To Listen to the Episode

Fleet Foxes: Helplessness Blues

Fear, Inc.: The Roots of the Islamophobia Network in America



Center For American Progress: Fear, Inc. - The Roots of the Islamophobia Network in America

Haroon Moghul: Who Gets Paid to Make America Hate? The Roots of the Islamophobia Network

Elections/Lobbying: Peace and Conflict Studies Archive

"10 Things They Won't Tell You About Money in Politics." Open Secrets (2014)

Anderson, Rocky. "Ex-Salt Lake Mayor Rocky Anderson, Former Democrat, Launches Third Party Presidential Bid Against Obama, GOP." Democracy Now (December 13, 2011)

"As Election Season Heats Up, Extremist Groups at Record Levels." Southern Poverty Law Center (March 8, 2012)

Barker, Kim. ""Nonprofits" Tied to Karl Rove, Koch Brothers Spend Millions on Elections and Call it Public Welfare." Democracy Now (August 20, 2012)

Bass, Gary J. "The Blood Telegram." Lapham's Quarterly Podcast #52 (December 4, 2013) ["How did Pakistan's free elections in 1970 lead to a genocidal military crackdown against East Pakistan in 1971? And how did that result in the creation of an independent Bangladesh? And why was the United States involved? Professor Gary J. Bass explains the terrible events, which he chronicled in his book The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide."]

"Capitol Crimes." Bill Moyers Journal (May 7, 2010)

Carlin, Dan. "Gunning for Violence." Common Sense #244 (December 28, 2012)

"Citizen's United vs Federal Election Commission." SCOTUS (Decision January 21, 2010: Ongoing Archive)

Eblen, Tom. "Danny Mayer May Not Get Past the Primary, but Mayoral Candidate's Ideas are Worth Discussing." Herald-Leader (May 10, 2014)

Edgar, Bob and Benjamin Jealous. "Wave of Restrictive Voting Laws Prompts Federal Probes, Grassroots Activism Ahead of 2012 Elections." Democracy Now (December 15, 2011)

Friedersdorf, Conor. "Rick Perry Wants to Send the Military into Mexico to Fight Drugs." The Atlantic (October 3, 2011)

Gordon, Paul. "Billionaires Score Big Win With McCutcheon Decision." Truthout (April 10, 2014)

\ Graves, Lisa. "A CMD Special Report: Scott Walker Runs on Koch Money." PR Watch (February 18, 2011)

Greenwald, Glenn. "GOP and Feinstein join to fulfill Obama's demand for renewed warrantless eavesdropping." The Guardian (December 28, 2012)

---. "Repulsive Progressive Hypocrisy." Salon (February 8, 2012)

Harris, Frederick C. "The Price of a Black President." The New York Times (October 28, 2012)

Institute for Research and Education on Human Rights. "Tea Party Nationalism." (Special Report: Fall 2010)

Jaffe, Sarah and Joshua Holland. "Which Bank Is the Worst for America? 5 Behemoths That Hold Our Political System Hostage." AlterNet (October 19, 2011)

Johnston, David Cay. "The corporations that occupy Congress." Reuters (December 20, 2011)

Kroll, Andy. "'The Next Citizens United': McCutcheon Opens Floodgates for 1 Percent to Spend Millions on Campaigns." Democracy Now (April 3, 2014)

Lakoff, George. "How to Use the Language of “Systemic Causation” To Talk About Climate Change." Uprising Radio (November 1, 2012)

Leonard, Annie. "The Story of Citizens United v. FEC." The Story of Stuff (2011)

Linkins, Jason. "How Pizza Became A Vegetable Through The Magic Of Influence-Peddling." Huffington Post (November 16, 2011)

Liptak, Adam. "Justices, 5-4, Reject Corporate Spending Limit." The New York Times (January 22, 2010)

Lynskey, Dorian. "The GOP Delusion: How Conservatives Were Mugged by Reality." 33 Revolutions Per Minute (November 8, 2012)

Maguire, Robert. "Despite Disclosure, Dark Money Stays Dark in Nevada." Open Secrets (March 31, 2014)

McChesney, Robert W. and John Nichols. "The Bull Market: Political Advertising." Monthly Review (April 1, 2012)

Mitchell, Jerry and Dawn Porter. "Spies of Mississippi: New Film on the State-Sponsored Campaign to Defeat the Civil Rights Movement." and "PART 2: Interview with "Spies of Mississippi" Director and Reporter Jerry Mitchell." Democracy Now (February 25, 2014)

Mosher, Holly and Jonah Minkoff-Zern. "What is At Stake in Supreme Court’s McCutcheon Ruling?" Uprising Radio (March 24, 2014)

Murphy, Ian. "Militant Atheist for Congress." Equal Time for Free Thought (April 2, 2011)

Nichols, John. "Walker Survives Wisconsin Recall After GOP, Corporate Backers Rally and Dems Stay on Sidelines." Democracy Now (June 6, 2012)

"Not My Zion: American Jews Divided on Israel and Palestine." Making Contact (August 16, 2011)

Palast, Greg. "Mitt Romney’s Bailout Bonanza: How He Made Millions from the Rescue of Detroit." Democracy Now ((October 18, 2012)

"Vote for the Dinner Party." New York Times Magazine (Reposted on Right to Know: October 10, 2012)

Reitman, Tyrone. "An Oregon Experiment in Citizen Governance:
A new law that puts voters in charge of breaking through political spin could be a first step in making policy decisions that work."
Yes! (November 4, 2011)

Richman, Sheldon. "Why Americans Should Reject Obama-Romney Foreign Policy." Counterpunch (October 26, 2012)

"Ron Paul: In His Own Words." Daily Kos (May 15, 2007)

Roy, Arundhati. "Is India on a Totalitarian Path? Arundhati Roy on Corporatism, Nationalism and World’s Largest Vote." Democracy Now (April 9, 2014)

Sanders, Bernie. "Supreme Court Undermines Democracy by Allowing Billionaires to "Buy Elections." Democracy Now (April 3, 2014)

Shiva, Vandana. "Prop 37, GMOs, Food Sovereignty, and More." Uprising Radio (October 31, 2012)

Silver, Josh. "United Republic." Media Matters (January 22, 2012)

"Southern Sudan Referendum 2011" Global Voices [Online archive of citizen media reports]

Tabb, William K. "The Crisis: A View From Occupied America." The Monthly Review 64.4 (September 2012)

"The United States of ALEC: Bill Moyers on the Secretive Corporate-Legislative Body Writing Our Laws." Democracy Now (September 27, 2012)

Wade, Lisa. "History Repeating Itself: Discriminatory Voting Laws." Sociological Images (July 1, 2013)

Walker, Alice. "'Democratic Womanism': Women Rising, Obama and the 2012 Election." Democracy Now (September 28, 2012)

Wilder, Forrest. "Rick Perry's Army of God." Texas Observer (August 3, 2011)

Wilder, Forrest and Anthea Butler. "Rick Perry and Conservative Christian Politics." Radio West (August 19, 2011)

Wu, Timothy. "America's First Lesson in the Power and Peril of Concentrated Control Over the Flow of Information." Excerpt from The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires. Alfred A. Knopf, 2010: 22-24.

Radio West: Rick Perry and Conservative Christian Politics

Rick Perry and Conservative Christian Politics
Radio West (KUER: University of Utah - Public Radio)

Texas Governor Rick Perry is shaking up the GOP Presidential race. Within 3 days of entering, a Rasmussen poll already showed him with a double digit lead over Romney and Bachmann. Perry's appealing to the Evangelical Christian vote with a massive prayer rally earlier this month and his vocal skepticism on issues like evolution. Monday, we're talking about Perry's faith and about his relationship to the New Apostolic Reformation - a conservative Christian movement with clear political goals.

To Listen to the Episode

More resources:

Forrest Wilder: Rick Perry's Army of God

Films We Would Like To See #4: Rum Diary (USA: Bruce Robinson, 2011)

Saturday, August 27, 2011

Making Contact: The War Dance of the Winnemem Wintu

The War Dance of the Winnemem Wintu
Making Contact (National Radio Project)

The genocide of Native Americans was one of the largest mass killings in human history. Very few tribes survived and were able to maintain their languages and traditions, and for many, the threat to their culture continues even to this day. On this edition, Making Contact trainee producers Rachel Gelfand and Michael Preston bring us the story of the Winnemem Wintu, a small Indian tribe in Northern California, and tell the story of their struggle to prevent the flooding of the sacred land they have called home for centuries.
Featuring:

Caleen Sisk-Franco, Winnemem Wintu spiritual leader and chief; Mark Franco, Winnemem Wintu tribal headman and spokesperson; Jill Ward, Heleen Sisk and Sarah Haase, Winnemem Wintu tribal members; Debbie Davis, Environmental Justice Coalition water analyst; Jonas Minton, Planning and Conservation League water policy advisor for Sacramento; Sarah Woolf, Westlands Water District spokesperson.

To Listen to the Episode

Friday, August 26, 2011

Radio West: Diarmaid MacCulloch - Christianity, The First 3,000 Years

Christianity - The First 3,000 Years
Radio West (KUER: The University of Utah - Public Radio)



One third of the planet, some two billion people are Christian. Though we tend to think of Christianity as a particularly Western religion, the historian Diarmaid MacCulloch says that its history is a history of the world. Wednesday, MacCulloch joins us to explain how this global exchange of ideas has shaped politics, sex and every aspect of human society.

To Listen to the Episode

Music: Peace and Conflict Studies Archive

Billet, Alexander. "Pussy Riot for the 99 percent: on the growing campaign to free jailed Russian feminist punk rock collective Pussy Riot." Socialist Worker (July 30, 2012: reposted on Dialogic with relevant videos)

Bragg, Billy. "British Rocker on Norway Attacks, Activism & His Song on Murdoch, “Never Buy The Sun” Democracy Now (August 1, 2011)

Brewer, Adam. "Memories of a Lifetime." Appalachian Media Institute (2011)

Crass: There Is No Authority But Yourself (Netherlands: Alexander Oey, 2006: 70 mins) [Available online]

Crosby, David and Graham Nash. "Legendary Folk Duo Crosby & Nash on Soundtracking Movements from the 1960s to Occupy Wall Street." Democracy Now (November 11. 2011)

D, Davey. "On the 10th Anniversary of the Iraq War We Recall key Anti-War Hip Hop Songs." Davey D's Hip Hop Corner (March 19, 2013)

DebGod. "Pussy Riot Is On Trial Today." Skepchick (July 30, 2012)

DJ Monk One. "The Last Thing I Learned From Gil Scott Heron." Ill Doctrine (June 23, 2011)

"Facing Time." To the Best Of Our Knowledge (October 10, 2010)

Fallana, Dia, et al. "Growin’ Up, Comin’ Out, Speakin’ Proud." Making Contact (June 10, 2009)

Fowler, Robert. "Artifact: A musician’s struggle against a giant corporation." World Socialist Web Site (November 19, 2012)

Gaunson, Stephen. "Cocksucker Blues: The Rolling Stones and Some Notes on Robert Frank." Senses of Cinema #56 (2010)

Gogol Bordello. "Immiganiada (We Comin Rougher)." (Official Video for the song: 2010)

Harburg, Ernie. "A Tribute to Blacklisted Lyricist Yip Harburg: The Man Who Put the Rainbow in The Wizard of Oz." Democracy Now (December 26, 2011)

Hinton, Stephen. "The Love/Hate Relationship Between Friedrich Nietzsche and Richard Wagner." Entitled Opinions (November 30, 2011)

Kalami, Proshot. "No One Knows About Persian Cinema: B. Ghobadi’s Songscape of Revolt." Cinemascope #16 (2011)

Madrid, Fabrizio Mejía. "The Mystery of the Parakeet, the Rooster, and the Nanny Goat." Words Without Borders (March 2012)

Maher, Stephen. "Springsteen’s Wrecking Ball and the Plague of the 99%." Monthly Review (December 1, 2012)

Makana. "Occupy Honolulu: Hawaiian Musician Makana Performs Protest Song to World Leaders at APEC Summit." Democracy Now (November 14, 2011)

McFerrin, Bobby. "Catching Song." On Being (February 27, 2014)

Mudd, Martin. "Proper Propaganda: Information Age by Dead Prez." North of Center (December 6, 2012)

Peaches. "Free Pussy Riot." Vimeo (August 14, 2012)

"Straight Outta Chevy Chase." Radiolab (April 1, 2014) ["Over the past 40 years, hip-hop music has gone from underground phenomenon to global commodity. But as The New Yorker's Andrew Marantz explains, massive commercial success is a tightrope walk for any genre of popular music, and especially one built on authenticity and “realness.” Hip-hop constantly runs the risk of becoming a watered-down imitation of its former self - just, you know, pop music. Andrew introduces us to Peter Rosenberg, a guy who takes this doomsday scenario very seriously. Peter is a DJ at Hot 97, New York City’s iconic hip-hop station, and a vocal booster of what he calls “real” hip-hop. But as a Jewish fellow from suburban Maryland, he's also the first to admit that he's an unlikely arbiter for what is and what isn't hip-hop. With the help of Ali Shaheed Muhammad of A Tribe Called Quest and NPR's Frannie Kelley, we explore the strange ways that hip-hop deals with that age-old question: are you in or are you out?"]

Thompson, Ahimir 'Questlove.' "Questlove on Police Racial Profiling, Hip-Hop, Michele Bachmann & Soul Train’s Lasting Influence." Democracy Now (September 2, 2013)

Rachman, Paul. "Acclaimed Filmmaker and Founder of Slamdance." Spoiler Alert Radio (August 27, 2012)

Rage Against The Machine - Revolution In The Head And The Art Of Protest (USA: Chrome Dreams, 2010: 105 mins)

Rich, Nathaniel. "Authenticity All Right: Lee Friedlander’s New Orleans." New York Review of Books (May 16, 2014)

Samson, J.D. "Pussy Riot Members Sentenced to 2 Years for Anti-Putin Protest; Feminist Rocker JD Samson Responds." Democracy Now (August 17, 2012)

Smith, Eli. "Woody Guthrie – 100th Centennial Celebration." Law and Disorder (July 9, 2012)

"The Soundtrack to War and Peace." To the Best of Our Knowledge (October 1, 2010)

Stewart, Jon. "Def Tone Poetry Jam." The Daily Show (May 11, 2011)

Sylvia, John. "All the Argument We Need." Pop Culture and Philosophy (June 10, 2009)

Tofts, Darren. "In My Time of Dying: The Premature Death of a Film Classic." LOLA #1 (2011)

"Travel." To the Best of Our Knowledge (July 19, 2009)

Villoro, Juan. "Violence and Drug Trafficking in Mexico." Words Without Borders (March 2012)

"Why Indonesian Kids are Crazy for Punk." Global Post (December 2011)

Wisniewiski, Matthew. "Wisconsin 'Budget Repair Bill' Protest (Video set to Arcade Fire's song "Rebellion")." YouTube (February 15-17, 2011)

"Words and Music: Our 60 Favorite Music Books." Pitchfork (July 11, 2011)

Zander, Ben. "'Rite of Spring' Revival." Radio Open Source (April 22, 2014)

Radiohead: "All I Need"; John Sylvia: All the Argument We Need



John Sylvia: All the Argument We Need

from

Christopher Ryan and Cacilda Jethá: Confusion Mistaken for Knowledge

It was early spring, 1519. Hernán Cortés and his men had just arrived off the coast of the Mexican mainland. The conquistador ordered his men to bring one of the natives to the deck of the ship, where Cortés asked him the name of this exotic place they'd found. The man responded, "Ma c’ubah than," which the Spanish heard as Yucatan. Close enough. Cortés proclaimed that from that day onward, Yucatan and any gold it contained belonged to the King and Queen of Spain, and so on.

Four and a half centuries later, in the 1970s, linguists researching archaic Mayan dialects concluded that Ma c’ubah than meant "I do not understand you."

Each spring, thousands of American university students celebrate with wet T-shirt contests, foam parties, and Jell-O wrestling on the beautiful beaches of the I Do Not Understand You Peninsula.

But confusion mistaken for knowledge isn't limited to spring break. We all fall into this trap. (one night, over dinner, a close friend mentioned that her favorite Beatles song is "Hey Dude.") Despite their years of training, even scientific types slip into thinking they are observing something when in fact they are simply projecting their biases and ignorance. What trips up the scientists is the same cognitive failing we all share: it's hard to be certain about what we think we know, but don't really. Having misread the map, we're sure we know where we are. In the face of evidence to the contrary, most of us tend to go with our gut, but the gut can be an unreliable guide. (19-20)

Thursday, August 25, 2011

Democracy Now: Pioneering Internet Archivists Brewster Kahle and Rick Prelinger on Preservation in the Digital Age

Pioneering Internet Archivists Brewster Kahle and Rick Prelinger on Preservation in the Digital Age
Democracy Now

Internet archivists Brewster Kahle and Rick Prelinger discuss their efforts to build both a physical and digital library of every book ever published. "The idea is we can build a Library of Alexandria version two," says Kahle. "It costs us about 10 cents a page, or about $30 a book, to photograph and then make it accessible and searchable for anybody." The archivists also discuss their home movie project. "Home movies are astonishing, because they’re personal, not corporate, expression," says Prelinger. "They’re individuals witnessing history, not simply great events, but also history everyday life." The movies are being contributed by families and rescued from estate sales, among other sources.

Guests:

Brewster Kahle, computer engineer, internet entrepreneur, activist and digital librarian. Brewster is the founder of the Internet Archive and the Open Content Alliance, a group of organizations committed to making a permanent, publicly accessible archive of digitized texts. He also is trying to preserve a physical copy of every book ever published — he has already collected over half a million books. Brewster has received a number of awards, including the Zoia Horn Intellectual Freedom Award in 2010. Utne Reader named him one of "50 Visionaries Changing Your World.”

Rick Prelinger, an archivist, writer and filmmaker. He is the founder of the Prelinger Archives, a collection of 60,000 advertising, educational, industrial, and amateur films acquired by the Library of Congress in 2002 after 20 years’ operation. Rick has partnered with the Internet Archive to make close to 2,000 films from Prelinger Archives available online for free viewing, downloading and reuse.

To Watch/Listen/Read

Democracy Now: The 9/11 TV News Archive -- 3,000 Hours of Video News Coverage of 2001 Attacks Posted Online

The 9/11 TV News Archive: 3,000 Hours of Video News Coverage of 2001 Attacks Posted Online
Democracy Now

As the nation prepares to mark the 10th anniversary of the September 11 attacks, a pair of leading internet archivists are launching an ambitious project called "Understanding 9/11: A Television News Archive," which catalogs 3,000 hours of domestic and international TV news footage from 20 channels from the week around September 11, 2001. Television news coverage of the September 11 attacks and their aftermath not only documented one of the most important events in mass memory but also influenced public perception. We feature excerpts of coverage from the global archive and speak with its organizers, Brewster Kahle and Rick Prelinger. Kahle is an internet entrepreneur, activist, digital librarian and founder of the Internet Archive and the Open Content Alliance, a group of organizations committed to making a permanent, publicly accessible archive of digitized texts. Prelinger is an archivist, writer, filmmaker and founder of the Prelinger Archives, a collection of 60,000 advertising, educational, industrial and amateur films acquired by the Library of Congress in 2002 after 20 years’ operation. "[9/11] was a major event that was really a television event. People really understood this through television," says Kahle. He adds that seeing "how people are starting to come to grips with it really shaped how we saw the whole event."

To Watch/Listen/Read

Films We Would Like To See #3: City of Life and Death (China/Hong: Chuan Lu, 2009)

Films We Would Like to See In Lexington #2: Hysteria (United Kingdom: Tanya Wexler, 2011)

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

John Feffer: Governments Kill

Governments Kill
By John Feffer
Institute for Policy Studies

We make a bargain with our governments. We pay taxes and expect a set of government services in return. And in return for a guarantee of some measure of security, we grant the government a monopoly on legitimate violence. In theory, then, we forswear mob rule and paramilitary organizations, we occasionally accept the death penalty as an appropriate punishment, we delegate the responsibility to declare and prosecute war to our legislative and executive branches, and we put guns into the hands of the army and the police.

Governments, in other words, kill on our behalf. This arrangement is a form of social contract, which means that governments are basically contract killers. Some states, like Nazi Germany, use the tremendous power of arms and bureaucracy to transform their territories into slaughterhouses. Regimes that are merely authoritarian can be equally brutal but display a greater selectivity in their tyranny. In our more decorous democracies, meanwhile, we perfume our conversations with words like "justice" and "national security" to mask the odor of death.

Americans have never been entirely comfortable with this bargain. We have a long tradition of taking the law into our own hands, beginning with our own hallowed revolution. During the Reconstruction period, lynch mobs were a continuation of the Civil War by other means. More recently, a variety of paramilitary organizations have flourished, from the racist Posse Comitatus chapters that sprang up in the late 1960s to more recent anti-immigrant militias like the Minutemen. Even suburban soccer moms have zealously defended their "right" to bear arms. On the other side of the spectrum, meanwhile, a broad-based coalition has challenged the government's "right" to kill citizens through the death penalty. And an equally diverse movement has protested the government's waging of wars overseas.

It would perhaps be naïve to expect that a government, invested with the exclusive legal power to kill people, would use that power only within the borders of the country that it administrates. At some point in the distant future, a world government might assume the privilege of the monopoly on legitimate violence and discipline individual countries for their violent outbursts -- in the same way that individual governments currently sanction their citizens if they fire off submachine guns in malls. For the time being, however, we live in a semi-regulated environment in which governments use violence to secure their borders and, occasionally, territories that lie beyond.

States committing acts of violence were much in the news this week, particularly in the Middle East. Turkish forces have been bombing targets in northern Iraq for a week after a series of attacks by Kurdish rebels in southeastern Turkey. Israeli aircraft launched raids in Gaza after coordinated attacks along the Israeli-Egypt border left eight Israelis dead. The Syrian government continues to crack down on protesters, with a death toll passing 2,200 after several months of resistance. And NATO forces bombed selected targets around Tripoli as rebel forces streamed into the Libyan capital for a final assault on Moammar Gaddafi's stronghold.

Quick test: which of these uses of violence are legitimate?

Some people treat the issue as they would a sports game, always rooting for the home team no matter how dirty they might play. If you support Israel, then Israeli actions are by definition right. Pacifists also have a simple answer: there are no legitimate uses of state violence. But states are unlikely to adopt pacifism unless forced to (as the United States forced Japan after World War II). Aside from the partisan and the pacifist arguments, those who support the legitimate use of state violence will claim self-defense or promise the prevention of a greater violence like genocide. But these, too, are tricky justifications. Turkey believes that it is acting in self-defense, but so do the Libyan and Syrian governments. And military intervention to stop genocide – the stated purpose of NATO's action against Libya – can have mixed motives, and it is not easy to define genocide before the fact.

One popular way of determining the legitimacy of these exercises of violence is to invoke democracy. Democratic governments, as opposed to authoritarian regimes, legitimately use violence because there has been an opportunity for citizens to freely form a social contract with the government. Turkey and Israel are democratic countries, and thus their use of force is legitimate. Ditto with NATO’s attack on Libyan targets. Democratic countries use violence in a self-limited way. As political philosopher John Keane writes in Violence and Democracy, "Ideally conceived, democracies understand themselves as systems of lawful power-sharing, whose actors are attuned to the dangers of violence – and to the mutual benefits of non-violence." As such, Keane argues, democracies progressively "democratize violence" by subjecting it to rules, procedures, consent. When democracies use violence overseas, they only do so against undemocratic forces such as tyrants or terrorist groups. Democracies, according to one of the few postulates of international relations, don't go to war with one another.

To Read the Rest of the Essay

Dale Maharidge -- Someplace Like America

Dale Maharidge -- Someplace Like America
University of California Press Blog



... Dale Maharidge, author of Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression, talks about his experiences reporting on working-class America for the last three decades. Maharidge describes the emerging class of “new homeless” in the country, the symbolic significance of Youngstown, Ohio, and why Bruce Springsteen took interest in the project.

He also talks about the practice of “immersion journalism,” which has landed Maharidge in some dangerous situations over the years: ending up in a de facto slave camp in Texas, getting a gun pulled on him, and living in an abandoned grain elevator for three days. Finally, he speaks about the attack on unions in Wisconsin, and why this story is more important than ever.

To Listen to the Interview

More resources:

New film inspired by Something Like America

Democracy Now: Phyllis Bennis - As Fighting Continues in Tripoli, A Look at Role of the U.S., NATO and Oil Firms in Libya Uprising

As Fighting Continues in Tripoli, A Look at Role of the U.S., NATO and Oil Firms in Libya Uprising
Democracy Now

Fighting continues in parts of Tripoli, the capital of Libya, where rebels are reportedly battling with Muammar Gaddafi’s forces outside his heavily fortified compound. Reports by the Libyan Rebel Council that Gaddafi’s son, Saif al-Islam, had been captured were contradicted late Monday when he emerged amongst supporters in front of foreign journalists in Tripoli. The International Criminal Court had claimed he had been in the custody of anti-Gaddafi fighters for the past 24 hours. The rebels have also claimed that two of Gaddafi’s other sons were detained but have provided no evidence. Meanwhile, details have emerged that U.S. and NATO forces played a key role in the Libyan rebel push into Tripoli, carrying out 17 Predator drone strikes and 38 air strikes since August 10. Overall, the U.S. has carried out 1,210 air strikes and 101 Predator drone strikes in Libya since April 1. NATO says it will keep up pressure on Gaddafi and that its "mission is not over yet." We are joined by Phyllis Bennis, who is a fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies.

Phyllis Bennis, a fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies. She’s written several books, including Challenging Empire: How People, Governments, and the U.N. Defy U.S. Power and Understanding the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: A Primer.

To Watch/Listen/Read

Making Contact: A Report Back from the World Water Forum

A Report Back from the World Water Forum
Making Contact (National Radio Project)

One billion people lack access to safe drinking water, and at least thirty one countries are now facing water scarcity. Those are some of the problems that corporate ministers and government officials converged on Istanbul to talk about last March. Or was it? On this edition, we’ll hear from organizers who are working for the right to water on a global level. They tell us about the failures of private water management, and alternatives to corporate control.

Featuring:

Jeff Conant, Food and Water Watch International research and communications coordinator; Margarita Lopez, Union of Public Service Workers in Colombia president; Mary Ann Manahan, Focus on the Global South research associate; Al-Hassan Adam, Africa Water Network coordinator; Maude Barlow, The Council of Canadians National chairperson; Winona Hauter, Food and Water Watch executive director.

To Listen to the Episode

Tom Waits' Private Listening Party: Bad as Me

Tuesday, August 23, 2011

Great Directors: Doug Cummings on Krzysztof Kieslowski

Krzysztof Kieslowski
by Doug Cummings
Senses of Cinema



A filmmaker preoccupied with similarities and paradoxes, Krzysztof Kieslowski’s own career seems to have slowly inverted over the years from one centered on political realities to one of effervescent abstraction. Upon closer examination, however, both ends of his career focus on human individuals struggling to reconcile daily life with its cultural myths—be they Communist propaganda, Biblical proverbs, or French revolutionary slogans. If the people and characters of his films are rarely explicitly aware of their ideological projects, the viewers often are, through Kieslowski’s considerable filmmaking savvy and marketing conceits. A powerful storyteller, Kieslowski undermined the ordered world of his documentary descriptions and high-concept anthologies with the complex, often disillusioning lives of his central protagonists—a dialectical portrait of life oscillating between pessimistic deconstruction and an affection for human resilience.

After World War II, due to his father’s ongoing struggle with tuberculosis, Kieslowski’s family moved through many small towns and sanatoria in the Regained Territories of Communist Poland. With very little money to spare (his mother was an office clerk), Kieslowski’s parents would send him and his sister to sanatoria for children (“preventoria”) to take advantage of the free room and board. For his part, Kieslowski, who also suffered from weak lungs, remembered spending a lot of time in bed, reading books and learning that “there was more to life than material things which you can touch or buy in shops.” (1)

A non-committed student, Kieslowski simply wanted to begin a career. His father persuaded him to enrol in the local firemen’s college during his teenage years—a trick of reverse psychology which exposed him to a difficult profession and successfully ignited his desire for an education.

Kieslowski’s father finally succumbed to illness and died at the age of 47. A distant uncle directed the College for Theatre Technicians in Warsaw, so Kieslowski enrolled. He subsequently fell in love with the theatre and decided to become a director, but in order to enter the program, first had to complete studies in another field. He chose film directing because he thought it would be related to the theatre, but failed his entrance exams to Lódz Film School two successive years in a row. During this time, he starved himself and faked psychological instability to avoid military service, which reminded him of the regimented life of the firemen’s college. He supported his family through various jobs, from office positions to theatrical tailoring (where he met many actors who would later work for him), and dabbled in poetry and drawing.

After his third annual attempt, Kieslowski was finally admitted to the school. Lódz had been one of the few Polish towns spared from bombardment during the war. The film school was founded in 1948 for Stalinist propaganda, but it had developed a reputation for its liberal curriculum, which included rare screenings of international cinema and courses in film theory, as well as the production of fiction and documentary films. The school launched the careers of such filmmakers as Andrzej Munk, Andrzej Wajda, Roman Polanski, Krzyzstof Zanussi, and Jerzy Skolimowski.

The Lódz curriculum was certainly Kieslowski’s first serious exposure to cinema. “A number of films have stayed in my memory simply because they’re beautiful,” he later recalled. “I always said that I never wanted to be anybody’s assistant but that if, for example, Ken Loach were to ask me, then I’d willingly make him coffee. I saw Kes at film school and I knew then that I’d willingly make coffee for him.” (2)

Three Colors: White

In what was to be one of several key disillusionments which would affect the course of his career (including the firemen’s college, he would also abandon documentary filmmaking and, ultimately, filmmaking altogether before the end of his life), Kieslowski was no longer enthused by the theatre—a golden age beginning in 1956 had, according to him, petered out by 1962. (3) His training at Lódz thus became the foundation for his career. (Several of his student films are now available on the Region 1 DVD of White.)

After writing a thesis entitled “Reality and the Documentary Film” which proposed that reality was stranger—and much more dramatic—than fiction, he graduated in 1968, during a time of heated political dissent and resistance. Internal rivalries within the Party prompted an ideological clampdown on cultural events and the resulting student demonstrations, violently repressed, were blamed on Zionist instigators. Many Jews were expelled from Poland, including members of the intelligentsia and even some of the faculty at Lódz Film School.

To Read the Rest of the Essay

Ideas: How To Think About Science #7 - Arthur Zajonc on Goethe Way of Knowing and the Discoveries of Modern Physics

Episode 7 - Arthur Zajonc
Ideas (Canada: CBC)

One of Arthur Zajonc's inspirations is the great German poet Goethe. Goethe died nearly two centuries ago. Arthur Zajonc works at the cutting edge of contemporary quantum physics. But it is the old poet, Zajonc thinks, who can best show us how we ought to contemplate the puzzling discoveries of modern physics. In this episode, physicist Arthur Zajonc talks to David Cayley about Goethe's way of knowing, about the philosophical challenge of contemporary physics, and about the role of contemplation in science. And since his name so closely resembles the name of his subject, you also hear many unintentional rhymes as Zajonc discusses science.

To Listen to the Episode

Donald Richie: Red Beard (Japan: Akira Kurasowa, 1965)

Red Beard
By Donald Richie
The Current



After finishing High and Low (1963), director Akira Kurosawa recalls, “I started looking around for something else to do and quite by accident picked up [the novel] Red Beard by Shugoro Yamamoto. At first I thought it would make a good script for [fellow director] Horikawa but as I wrote I grew so interested that I knew I would have to direct it myself.

“The script is quite different from the novel. One of the major characters, the young girl, is not even found in the book. While I was writing I kept remembering Dostoevsky and I tried to show the same thing that he showed in the character of Nelli in The Insulted and the Injured.

“I had something special in mind when I made this film because I wanted to make something that my audience would want to see, something so magnificent that people would just have to see it. To do this we all worked harder than ever, tried to overlook no detail, were willing to undergo any hardship. It was really hard work [and the film took longer before the cameras than any other Japanese film including Seven Samurai—almost two years] and I got sick twice. Mifune and Kayama each got sick once . . .”

The story:

At the end of the Tokugawa period a young man, Noboru Yasumoto (Yuzo Kayama) returns to Edo after several years’ study at the Dutch medical schools in Nagasaki. Told to make a formal call at the Koishikawa Public Clinic and pay his respects to its head Kyojio Niide, commonly called Red Beard (Toshiro Mifune), he learns that he is to stay there and work as an intern. Since he had hoped to be attached to the court medical staff and had certainly never considered working in a public clinic, the news is a great shock. He refuses, purposely breaks the hospital rules, will not wear a uniform, and further trespasses by lounging around a forbidden area, the small pavilion where a beautiful but insane patient (Kyoko Kagawa) is kept.

Like the hero of Sashiro Sugata, like the detective in Stray Dog, and the shoe manufacturer in High and Low, the young doctor learns: Red Beard too is the story of an education. Kayama learns that medical theory (illusion) is different from a man dying (reality); that—as the film later reveals—what he had always thought about himself (upright, honest, hard-working) must now be reconciled with what he finds himself to also be (arrogant, selfish, insincere); and most importantly, that evil itself is the most humanly common thing in this world; that good is uncommon.

To Read the Rest

Haskell Wexler: One Scene - The Cranes Are Flying

One Scene: The Cranes Are Flying
By Haskell Wexler
Current



I first saw Mikhail Kalatozov’s The Cranes Are Flying in Chicago in 1957. The film’s cinematography, by the great Sergei Urusevsky, has been a major influence on my career. The shot in the film that stands out most for me starts at about twenty-five minutes in. It begins handheld, when the character Veronica looks out the window of a bus, and continues out into a vast crowd of people. Then there’s a fast lateral movement going out of the bus and past a car, which could be just a great handheld move or was perhaps done on an improvised dolly. We can see a wide street through the crowd. Veronica stops for a beat of three seconds at the edge of the boulevard—at this moment, a crane seat was slipped under Sergei. The camera then cranes up to see the tanks and a wide view of the crowd.

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Monday, August 22, 2011

Philippa Glanville: The Dichotomies of Drink

The dichotomies of drink
The National Archives Podcast Series (United Kingdom)

Presented by Philippa Glanville, Senior Research Fellow at the V&A Museum. The event was held at The National Archives to accompany our temporary on-site exhibition, which she curated, entitled, Drink: the History of Alcohol 1690-1920.

To Listen to the Presentation

Sunday, August 21, 2011

John Shaw: The problem of the poor -- faith, science and poverty in 19th century Britain

The problem of the poor: faith, science and poverty in 19th century Britain
The National Archives Podcast Series (United Kingdom)

Dr. John Shaw discusses Victorian attitudes to the poor and how they developed over the 19th century. As the Church tried to decide whether charity was the solution or part of the problem, Victorian science afraid of 'degeneration' in Britain began to suggest some sinister solutions of its own.

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Stephen Lendman: Egyptians Again Rally for Change

Egyptians Again Rally for Change
by Stephen Lendman
MWC News

Before and after Mubarak was ousted, Egypt's military arrested, imprisoned, tortured, and disappeared thousands, a practice continuing to ruthlessly stay in power and prevent change.

Moreover, thousands arrested are being tried in military courts, denying them due process or judicial fairness. Allowed only court-appointed counsel, attorneys get minutes with clients to review charges before presenting their case in proceedings.

In addition, multiple defendants are tried simultaneously. Ten thousand or more were sentenced in recent months, some to death, and lawyers can't appeal. Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) attorney Adel Ramadan said nothing under Mubarak was like this. The ruling junta is much more extreme, cracking down ruthlessly against challenges to its authority.

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) issued a July 4 press release, stating "its utter and complete rejection of trying civilians before military courts, especially those arrested for using their legitimate right to expression."

Many activists were tried and convicted, including Michael Nabil, sentenced to three years in military prison for posting, "Army and people, never hand in hand." Another activist, Amr elBeheiry, got five years for demonstrating in Tahrir Square.

ANHRI said military proceedings "lack the bare minimum of fair trial standards....It is not an overstatement to say that (Egypt's) judiciary (isn't) the only sector that has not witnessed any changes after the revolution."

On June 29, Amnesty International (AI) Cairo representatives witnessed security forces attacking demonstrators, "firing tear gas randomly, beating protesters with sticks and firing shotguns." As a result, many hundreds were hurt, AI saying:

"This heavy-handed response is reminiscent of the violence in January and is a chilling reminder of" what protesters face. Field Marshall Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, Mubarak's former defense minister, now heads the military junta's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, ruling as a de facto head of state/dictator.

Mubarak may be gone, but nothing changed. In fact, things now are worse, including extreme brutality and severe repression, exceeding what went on earlier. As a result, angry Egyptians are reacting.

On July 1, tens of thousands rallied in Cairo, responding to earlier in the week crackdowns against protesters. Security forces attacked them with tear gas, rubber bullets and live fire. According to eye-witnesses, hundreds were injured and several or more died.

Called the "Friday of Retribution," crowds also turned out in Alexandria, Suez, and elsewhere, protesting for rights demanded but not achieved. Many want a second revolution that works this time. Months after Mubarak's ouster, nothing changed.

Strikes also continue for wage, benefits, ending corruption, and other demands not met. Thousands of striking Suez Canal workers cut off Port Tawfik district electricity, saying they'll stay out as long as it takes, despite harsh military reprisals.

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Films I Want To See: Carnage (France/Germany/Poland/Spain: Roman Polanski, 2011)

Marc Campbell: West Memphis Three Are Free





Marc Campbell: West Memphis Three Are Free

Jonathan Rosenbaum: Desperate Measures [OUT OF SIGHT & THE BRIGANDS: CHAPTER VII]

Desperate Measures [OUT OF SIGHT & THE BRIGANDS: CHAPTER VII]
by Jonathan Rosenbaum
Chicago Reader



Which would you rather see? A Hollywood thriller with hot stars whose director is so alienated from his material that he’s reduced to a kind of ingenious doodling while his characters disintegrate? Or a witty, despairing French-Russian-Italian-Swiss art movie set in 16th-century Georgia, Stalinist Georgia, contemporary Georgia, and contemporary Paris, whose writer-director is so much in command of his materials that he can plant the same actors in all four settings yet provide a seamless continuity?

My question is mainly rhetorical because it’s already been decided for most people reading this. Out of Sight, a major Universal release written by Scott Frank and directed by Steven Soderbergh, is playing all over town and will be around for weeks; The Brigands: Chapter VII, written and directed by Otar Iosseliani, doesn’t even have a U.S. distributor and is playing for only one week at Facets Multimedia Center before disappearing indefinitely.

I saw these movies on successive days and couldn’t give you a coherent synopsis of either one to save my life — not only because both pictures leap about in time with willful abandon, but also because they have much more to say in terms of style than in terms of plot. Both films strongly convey the estrangement of exiles — literal exile in the case of Iosseliani, a Georgian based in Paris, and vocational exile in the case of Soderbergh, hired this time not as an auteur but only as a journeyman director. He appears alienated from the story and cast he’s been assigned and from the reason (as opposed to the way) the pieces in his jigsaw puzzle are supposed to fit together. By contrast, Iosseliani — a wry, poetic filmmaker with about a dozen features to his credit — seems alienated from most ideas of human progress and maybe from human behavior as well, though when it comes to filmmaking he seems right at home.

Both movies last a little longer than two hours and require total immersion as well as frequent readjusting of when and where you are in the overall patchwork construction. I enjoyed both for most of their running times, but Out of Sight engaged me less and less, until by the end I no longer cared which of the characters lived or died. Not even the engaging Jennifer Lopez, George Clooney, Albert Brooks, Don Cheadle, and Ving Rhames or the talented secondary cast can survive the abbreviations and last-minute shoehorning their characters receive. The Brigands, which has no stars that I recognize, has characters that persisted for me throughout, even when they were transposed to different eras and identities — a 16th-century king (Amiran Amiranachvili), for instance, becomes an early-20th-century pickpocket and a contemporary homeless Parisian. The film engaged me more and more as I watched it, though not because I cared which characters lived or died. This is mainly because of the camera setups: Soderbergh is obliged by commercial practice to shoot close-ups as well as medium and long shots, thereby signaling which characters are more worthy of our attention; Iosseliani is free to omit close-ups and shoot all his characters in medium and long shots, thereby displaying an equal amount of affection or contempt for all of them.

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